The dossier exhibition is dedicated to the painting Danza campestre (Country dance) by Guido Reni, recently returned to the collection of Cardinal Scipione Borghese. The work of the Bolognese painter, one of the greatest exponents of seventeenth-century classicism, is compared both to others of the artist's contemporary production as part of the Borghese commission and to paintings by great artists such as Annibale Carracci and Domenichino. The exhibition itinerary is structured in such a way as to highlight the intense experimentation phase on the landscape as a pictorial genre in the early seventeenth century. First relegated to the backdrop of Renaissance paintings, landscape painting became a genre towards the end of the 16th century thanks to the arrival in Italy of various Flemish and northern European artists, who centered their works on these themes. But it was during the course of the 1600s that landscape painting became an autonomous subject, within which the distinction between the "ideal" or "heroic" landscape and "pastoral" landscape was born. Contributing to the development of this new genre are Bolognese artists such as Annibale Carracci and Domenico Zangheri, known as Domenichino, and the Neapolitan painter Salvator Rosa, whose landscapes are characterized by a harsh and wild beauty. The scene depicted in the painting by Guido Reni represents a country party immersed in a bucolic atmosphere: a dance by a group of peasants, accompanied by the music of the lute and viola da braccia, attended by some local ladies and gentlemen. The characters are seated in a circle, in a clearing among the trees beside which a stream flows; in the center, a young peasant is depicted inviting a lady to open the dance. The hilly landscape under a dark and cloudy sky is dotted with castles, farmhouses and a small church.
In a detail of the painting, the painter represented two flies on the surface of the canvas, as if to urge the observer to chase them away with the hand.
Photo credits: Courtesy of Galleria Borghese official site
From November 2021 to February 2022
exact dates are being defined
Museums and Cultural Sites are subject at the COVID containment policy.
For visiting schedules and procedures, please contact the official website