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Built for the World Fair in 1942, which was to have taken place in 1942 to celebrate the twentieth anniversary of the Fascist March on Rome, the district of Eur whose very name derives from this Universal Exhibition (Esposizione Universale Roma) that never actually took place because of World War II, is renowned for its Fascist-inspired architecture.
The domineering symbol of this Fascist style is” Palazzo della Civiltà Italiana (also known as the Palazzo della Civiltà del Lavoro), dubbed the “Square Colosseum” illustrating the era’s metaphysic and rationalist art.
The district, lying south west of the city and intended as an urban extension towards the sea, however embraces several other examples of Fascist architecture: Palazzo dei Ricevimenti and dei Congressi, the Church of St. Peter and St. Paul, the Guglielmo Marconi obelisk, the Museum of Roman Civilization, the Luigi Pigorini National Museum of Prehistory and Ethnography as well as many others.
Today, Eur is not just crammed with public and private offices, but has also turned into a well-connected and lively residential area.