More than a simple museum, the Casal De’ Pazzi is a journey going back some 200,000 years in time that reconstructs life during the Roman campaign and the Pleistocene deposits scattered in the lower Aniene Valley, before it was destroyed as the city expanded.
The first discovery in 1981 during the town-planning works in the Rebibbia area unearthed an elephant's tusk. This initial find led to an archaeological dig over an area of more than 1,200 square metres, which revealed an ancient riverbed. More than 2000 animal fossils were found in the deposit, belonging to species that would be inconceivable today in the Roman campaign (the ancient elephant, urus, hippopotamus, rhinoceros), but also a fragment of a skull and more than 1,500 flint objects that are testament to the human settlements at the time.
The Museum also houses installations that were created by the Institute for technologies applied to cultural heritage assets under the National Research Council: 3D interactive reconstructions that allow you to experience the flooding of the ancient Aniene River and explore the passage of time of 200,000 years ago in the Palaeolithic era when giant elephants populated the area around Rome.
The route through the museum provides a view of the river looking down from a boardwalk.
Impressive clips show the large masses and fossil remains in the deposits, which include 4 metre long tusks, teeth and vertebra. An unexpected “archaeological” find in the middle of a modern city, whose mysteries are revealed with the assistance of a voice-over.
Visitors have the opportunity to imagine what no longer exists: the riverbed fills with virtual water, and a film clip reconstructs the Pleistocene landscape with the river, plants, animals and a 3D representation the the ancient elephant, while a man that was living in this place, tells his story to the world in the background.
An outside area under a shelter houses a number of panels that summarise the development of the landscape and the life of the Roman campaign, starting some 3 million years ago when Rome was on the sea. The exhibition hall showcases some of the artefacts found and uses the Pleistostation, a touch screen with a wealth of questionnaires, games, hypertexts and films to discuss the topics covered during the visit in an entertaining and interactive way.
The area outside the Museum has recreated a Pleistocene garden: the reconstruction of the flora that could have characterised the banks of the Aniene River about 200,000 years ago can be followed on a path that follows the course of a river. There are also three areas used for holding teaching workshops and events.
Tuesday to Friday, from 9.00 to 14.00
public holidays, Saturday and Sunday, from 10.00 to 14.00
Closed on: Monday, December 25, January 1, May 1
BEFORE PLANNING THE VISIT, CONSULT THE NOTICES