Situated in the valley between the Palatine hill and the Capitol hill, it consists of a square of almost trapezoidal form between the Regia and the Rostra on the short sides, and the Emilia and Giulia Basilicas on the long ones. An extension of the northern part is represented by the Comitium.

The square was created as a place for commercial exchanges and political and judicial activities at the point where important roads (the Via Sacra, the Vicus Tuscus, the Vicus Jugarius, the Clivus Capitolinus, the Argiletum) converged. Originally, the area was partly marshy and used as a burial ground until approximately the tenth century BC, as evidenced by the graves of the cemetery discovered in 1902. Some remains of huts and ceramic material found in the archaic cemetery would lead archaeologists to think of houses that were already scattered about in the second half of the eighth century. The most ancient monuments of sacred character, attributed by tradition to the first kings of Rome, date from the second half of the sixth century BC. At the beginning of the Republic (509 BC), the temple of Saturn and the temple of Castor and Pollux were constructed. The first tribune for speakers situated between the Forum and the Comitium probably dates to the fifth century BC. Four basilicas intended for the administration of justice and the conduct of business were constructed in the second century.

Under Caesar and then Augustus, the Forum underwent further changes. The travertine marble flooring that is still visible today dates to the Augustan era. In Imperial times, in the area of the Forum, numerous honorary monuments rose up; the last of these being the column dedicated in 608 AD to the Emperor Phocas. Following this, the Forum was abandoned and buried under a thick layer of earth, becoming a pasture known as Campo Vaccino. Some of the temples were transformed into churches allowing for their preservation over time. During the Renaissance, the area of the Roman Forum was used as a marble and stone quarry.

Address

Via della Salara Vecchia, 5/6

Via di San Gregorio, 30

Piazza di Santa Maria Nova, 53

Piazza del Colosseo

Online purchase: www.coopculture.it/ticket.cfm?office=Foro%20Romano%20e%20Palatino&id=4

Telephone: 0039 06 39967700 (Coopculture)

Twitter: https://twitter.com/ParcoColosseo

Web site: http://www.isromantique.it/categorie/foro-romano-palatino_8/&set=0&l=2&p=8

Web site: www.coopculture.it/heritage.cfm?id=4

Web site: http://colosseo.beniculturali.it/it/1/home

Services

Accessible to disabled people

Audio guide in different language

Bookshop

Guided Visits

Hygienic Facilities for Disabled

Multilingual guided visits

Hours

Mon-Sun
08.30 - 16.30 from the last Sunday of October to February 15th
08.30 - 17.00 from February 16th to March 15th
08.30 - 17.30 from March 16th to last Saturday of March
08.30 - 19.15 from the last Sunday of March to August 31st 
08.30 - 19.00 from September 1st to September 30th 
08.30 - 18.30 from October 1st to last Saturday of October  

2 June: 1.30 - 7.15 pm;

Last admission 1 hour before closing time 

Closed: January 1, December 25

Access is not permitted to animals

Casa delle Vestali, Tempio di Venere e Roma e Museo del Palatino: last admission 30minutes before closing time.

Please note: for security reasons it is strictly forbidden to enter with backpacks, camping, bulky bags and luggage/trolley. Medium and small size backpacks can be introduced and must be screened by metal detectors, as any other bag. They must be opened and visually inspected by the Urbe Security Institute, responsible for the entrance inspection.
To facilitate the security checks please insert any object (including mobile phone) in the bag/backpack or in the tray to be included in the X-ray.

Due to new security measures it is necessary to arrive at least 30 minutes before the reservation at the ticket desk.

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Disabled people
Entrance:
• Largo della Salaria Vecchia n. 6 (lift available)
• Arco di Tito (lift available)
Accessible equipped toilet available.

For more information about the plans:

Comunicato stampa  

 

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